Correct dosing of pancreatic enzymes is a big challenge for adults who suffer from EPI. We’ve heard from patients that once they receive they are told they have EPI, they are not guided or walked through what this means for them going forward. When are they supposed to take their pills? How do they know if they’re on the right dose?
In light of this, we’ve put together a video with Dr. Steven Freedman, a leading expert in pancreas disease and cystic fibrosis in adults. This short, 5-minute guide will answer all the aforementioned questions and more. We hope that, after watching this video, patients walk away with a better understanding of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy (PERT). We’ve also included a summary of the video so you can follow along as Dr. Freedman discusses the dosing of pancreatic enzymes.
What Dose Should You Be On?
To answer this question, there are two questions that you must consider first.
(1) Do I have mild, moderate, or severe EPI? This is based on time length of disease, pancreatitis vs CF, history of pancreatic surgery, fecal elastase, symptoms including oily diarrhea and weight loss
(2) Size of the meal and amount of fat: Low fat vs high fat high calorie diets
Once you’ve considered the degree of EPI and size of the meal and fat content, you can group yourself into one of three categories:
- 2-3 25,000 lipase unit capsules (mild)
- 4-6 25,000 lipase unit capsules (moderate)
- 7-9 25,000 lipase unit capsules (severe)
Timing of Doses
Consider the following:
- How long it takes to eat a meal
- Within 20 min (all with the 1st bite)
- 20-40 min (1/2 at the beginning, ½ at the end)
- More than 40 min (1/3 beginning, 1/3 middle, 1/3 at the end)
- Issues with stomach (gastric) emptying
Dosing Pancreatic Enzymes Correctly
How do you know if you are still on the right dose? The following symptoms might indicate that you are not on the correct enzyme dose:
- Oily diarrhea (sticks to the toilet bowl)
- Continued weight loss
- Other GI symptoms although these can be non-specific
- Bloating and gas
- Abdominal pain and distention